Mount Tambora ( or Tomboro ) is an active stratovolcano located on the island of Sumbawa , Indonesia . The mountain is located in two districts , namely Dompu ( most of the south side of the feet to the northwest, and the Bima district ( south side of the slope to the northwest, and the feet to the east side of the peak to the north ) , West Nusa Tenggara Province , on 8 ° 15 ‘latitude and 118 ° east .
Altitude Tambora to 4300 m which makes this mountain was once one of the highest peak in Indonesia and there is a large magma chamber inside the mountain . century takes time to replenish the magma chamber .
Only 60 minutes to reach the port Celebai of Samawa Seaside Cottages , Celebai port is the port closest to Mount Tambora , If we by car takes about 6 hours .
This volcano volcanic activity peaked in April 1815 when it erupted in a scale of seven on the Volcanic explosivity index . The eruption became the biggest eruption since the Lake Taupo eruption in 181 years . The explosion was heard up to Sumatra island (more of 2,000 km).
Volcanic ash fell in Kalimantan , Sulawesi , Java and Maluku . The explosion was caused by the death of no less than 71,000 people with whom 11,000-12,000 were killed directly as a result of the eruption . In fact, some researchers estimate that up to 92,000 people were killed , but this number is doubtful because based on estimates that are too high . [ 5 ] Moreover, these volcanic eruptions caused global climate change .
The following year ( 1816 ) is often referred to as the Year Without a Summer because the weather changes drastically from North America and Europe due to dust generated from this Tambora eruption . As a result of drastic climate change , many crops failed and livestock died in the Northern Hemisphere that caused the worst famine in the 19th century .
During the archaeological excavations of 2004 , a team of archaeologists found the remains buried by the eruption of culture in 1815 at a depth of 3 meters in pyroclastic deposits . [ 6 ] The artifacts found in the same position when the eruption occurred in 1815 . Due to the characteristics of similar this , the findings are often referred to as the Pompeii of the east